Developed by: Panasonic
Launched in: 1995
Used for: Electronic newsgathering, cinema.
Tape used: ¼ inch (6.35 mm)
Length: 180 min. max. (DVCPRO, large tape)
Video recording: digital (DV codec)
Audio recording: digital
DVCPRO a.k.a. DVCPRO25, is a variation of DV developed by Panasonic and introduced in 1995 for use in electronic news gathering (ENG) equipment. Unlike baseline DV, DVCPRO uses locked audio and 4:1:1 chroma subsampling for both 50 Hz and 60 Hz variants to decrease generation losses. Audio is available in 16-bit/48 kHz precision.
Panasonic introduced DVCPRO50 in 1997 for high-value electronic news gathering and digital cinema. The DVCPRO50 doubles the coded video data rate to 50 Mbit/s. Chroma resolution is improved by using 4:2:2 chroma subsampling.
Panasonic introduced DVCPRO Progressive for news gathering, sports journalism and digital cinema. It offered 480 or 576 lines of progressive scan recording with 4:2:0 chroma subsampling and four 16-bit 48 kHz PCM audio channels. It was meant as an intermediate format during the transition time from standard definition to high definition video.
DVCPRO HD Is a high definition video format. Video data rate depends on frame rate and can be as low as 40 Mbit/s for 24 frame/s mode and as high as 100 Mbit/s for 50/60 frame/s modes. DVCPRO HD employs 4:2:2 color sampling and uses smaller raster size than broadcast high definition television: 960x720 pixels for 720p, 1280x1080 for 1080/59.94i and 1440x1080 for 1080/50i.